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NABIS Guidelines for Writing a NABIS Scientific Paper


An abstract is a one paragraph (less than 300 words) summary of your entire paper.  It should briefly describe the problem/opportunity you studied, the methods you used, and the conclusions you reached.  A reader should be able to understand the major points of your paper just from reading the abstract. 

NOTE:  the abstract should only be written after the paper is complete.



The introduction should (a) describe the problem/opportunity you examined, (b) explain to the reader why your problem/opportunity is important to understand, (c) describe how you studied the problem/opportunity with enough detail for a layperson, and (d) very briefly summarize your conclusions.



The methods section should describe what work you actually carried out in examining your problem/opportunity.  Someone in your field should be able to recreate your project, based on the details you provide.



Begin each paragraph of this section by stating what part of your problem/opportunity is being examined.  If there is sufficient data to make written descriptions of the results difficult, use a table or graph.  However, all figures do need to be accompanied by explanatory text.

The results section should focus on what worked in your project, but also should not gloss over what failed – especially if those failures provide insight into your topic area.



This section is where you analyze your results, and tie them to the larger body of work in your field.  Do not simply restate your results.  This section can also include limitations of your project and potential directions for future work.


Tables and Figures: 

All tables and figures must be titled and numbered, and accompanied by explanatory text.  Tables and figures should be clear enough that a reader can understand their meaning without the accompanying text. 

Example figure labeling:  “Figure 1.  HIC Scores on Impact.”


Citations and Reference List: 

NABIS uses the American Medical Association style for scientific papers.  Guides to the style are readily available online.



  • Abbreviations:  If you are using a long technical term or a commonly abbreviated unit of measurement throughout your paper (three times or more), you should abbreviate it.  Abbreviated terms should be written in full the first time they appear, with the abbreviation in parentheses behind it.

Example:  “The National American Brain Injury Society (NABIS).  NABIS states…”

  • Concise:  It is better to make your point with as few words as possible.  Statements like “at the present time,” “in order to,” and “as a matter of fact” are examples of language that can be omitted for the sake of clarity.

  • Proofreading cannot be emphasized enough.  Even a paper that provides important data, if hidden behind clumsy or misspelled language, will not be positively received.


**If you need any assistance, please contact Mariusz Ziejewski at



If you are ready to submit an abstract, click here.  

To view the conference page, click here.